Configuring setup() using setup.cfg files

Note

New in 30.3.0 (8 Dec 2016).

Important

If compatibility with legacy builds (i.e. those not using the PEP 517 build API) is desired, a setup.py file containing a setup() function call is still required even if your configuration resides in setup.cfg.

Setuptools allows using configuration files (usually setup.cfg) to define a package’s metadata and other options that are normally supplied to the setup() function (declarative config).

This approach not only allows automation scenarios but also reduces boilerplate code in some cases.

Note

This implementation has limited compatibility with the distutils2-like setup.cfg sections used by the pbr and d2to1 packages.

Namely: only metadata-related keys from metadata section are supported (except for description-file); keys from files, entry_points and backwards_compat are not supported.

[metadata]
name = my_package
version = attr: src.VERSION
description = My package description
long_description = file: README.rst, CHANGELOG.rst, LICENSE.rst
keywords = one, two
license = BSD 3-Clause License
classifiers =
    Framework :: Django
    License :: OSI Approved :: BSD License
    Programming Language :: Python :: 3
    Programming Language :: Python :: 3.5

[options]
zip_safe = False
include_package_data = True
packages = find:
scripts =
    bin/first.py
    bin/second.py
install_requires =
    requests
    importlib; python_version == "2.6"

[options.package_data]
* = *.txt, *.rst
hello = *.msg

[options.extras_require]
pdf = ReportLab>=1.2; RXP
rest = docutils>=0.3; pack ==1.1, ==1.3

[options.packages.find]
exclude =
    src.subpackage1
    src.subpackage2

[options.data_files]
/etc/my_package =
    site.d/00_default.conf
    host.d/00_default.conf
data = data/img/logo.png, data/svg/icon.svg

Metadata and options are set in the config sections of the same name.

  • Keys are the same as the keyword arguments one provides to the setup() function.

  • Complex values can be written comma-separated or placed one per line in dangling config values. The following are equivalent:

    [metadata]
    keywords = one, two
    
    [metadata]
    keywords =
        one
        two
    
  • In some cases, complex values can be provided in dedicated subsections for clarity.

  • Some keys allow file:, attr:, find:, and find_namespace: directives in order to cover common usecases.

  • Unknown keys are ignored.

Using a src/ layout

One commonly used package configuration has all the module source code in a subdirectory (often called the src/ layout), like this:

├── src
│   └── mypackage
│       ├── __init__.py
│       └── mod1.py
├── setup.py
└── setup.cfg

You can set up your setup.cfg to automatically find all your packages in the subdirectory like this:

# This example contains just the necessary options for a src-layout, set up
# the rest of the file as described above.

[options]
package_dir=
    =src
packages=find:

[options.packages.find]
where=src

Specifying values

Some values are treated as simple strings, some allow more logic.

Type names used below:

  • str - simple string
  • list-comma - dangling list or string of comma-separated values
  • list-semi - dangling list or string of semicolon-separated values
  • bool - True is 1, yes, true
  • dict - list-comma where keys are separated from values by =
  • section - values are read from a dedicated (sub)section

Special directives:

  • attr: - Value is read from a module attribute. attr: supports callables and iterables; unsupported types are cast using str().

    In order to support the common case of a literal value assigned to a variable in a module containing (directly or indirectly) third-party imports, attr: first tries to read the value from the module by examining the module’s AST. If that fails, attr: falls back to importing the module.

  • file: - Value is read from a list of files and then concatenated

Note

The file: directive is sandboxed and won’t reach anything outside the directory containing setup.py.

Metadata

Note

The aliases given below are supported for compatibility reasons, but their use is not advised.

Key Aliases Type Minimum Version Notes
name   str    
version   attr:, file:, str 39.2.0
url home-page str    
download_url download-url str    
project_urls   dict 38.3.0  
author   str    
author_email author-email str    
maintainer   str    
maintainer_email maintainer-email str    
classifiers classifier file:, list-comma    
license   str    
license_file   str    
license_files   list-comma    
description summary file:, str    
long_description long-description file:, str    
long_description_content_type   str 38.6.0  
keywords   list-comma    
platforms platform list-comma    
provides   list-comma    
requires   list-comma    
obsoletes   list-comma    

Note

A version loaded using the file: directive must comply with PEP 440. It is easy to accidentally put something other than a valid version string in such a file, so validation is stricter in this case.

Notes: 1. The version file attribute has only been supported since 39.2.0.

Options

Key Type Minimum Version Notes
zip_safe bool    
setup_requires list-semi    
install_requires list-semi    
extras_require section    
python_requires str    
entry_points file:, section    
use_2to3 bool    
use_2to3_fixers list-comma    
use_2to3_exclude_fixers list-comma    
convert_2to3_doctests list-comma    
scripts list-comma    
eager_resources list-comma    
dependency_links list-comma    
tests_require list-semi    
include_package_data bool    
packages find:, find_namespace:, list-comma    
package_dir dict    
package_data section  
exclude_package_data section    
namespace_packages list-comma    
py_modules list-comma    
data_files dict 40.6.0  

Note

packages - The find: and find_namespace: directive can be further configured in a dedicated subsection options.packages.find. This subsection accepts the same keys as the setuptools.find_packages and the setuptools.find_namespace_packages function: where, include, and exclude.

find_namespace directive - The find_namespace: directive is supported since Python >=3.3.

Notes: 1. In the package_data section, a key named with a single asterisk (*) refers to all packages, in lieu of the empty string used in setup.py.